


UNIT 1: Sets, Relations and Functions 
Sets and their Representations, Union, intersection and complements of sets,
and their algebraic properties, Relations, equivalence relations, mappings, oneone,
into and onto mappings, composition of mappings. 

Complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane. Argand
diagram. Algebra of complex numbers, Modulus and Argument (or amplitude) of
a complex number, square root of a complex number. Cube roots of unity,
triangle inequality. 

UNIT 3: Matrices and Determinants 
Determinants and matrices of order two and three, properties of determinants,
Evaluation of determinants. Area of triangles using determinants, Addition and
multiplication of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrix. Test of consistency and
solution of simultaneous linear equations using determinants and matrices 

UNIT 4: Quadratic Equations 
Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.
Relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic
equations with given roots; Symmetric functions of roots, equations reducible to
quadratic equations  application to practical problems 

UNIT 5: Permutations and Combinations 
Fundamental principle of counting; Permutation as an arrangement and
combination as selection, Meaning of P(n,r) and C(n,r). Simple applications. 

UNIT 6: Mathematical Induction and Its Applications 
AIEEE Notes Mathematics Chapter 05 Chapter wise notes for AIEEE and other entrance examinations such as AIPMT and IITJEE. These Notes are available for FREE downloads under this section. 

UNIT 7: Binomial Theorem and its Applications 
Binomial Theorem for a positive integral index; general term and middle term;
Binomial Theorem for any index. Properties of Binomial Coefficients. Simple
applications for approximations.


UNIT 8: Sequences and Series 
Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Insertion of Arithmetic
Geometric and Harmonic means between two given numbers. Relation between
$ 0 * 0 DQG + 0 6SHFLDO VHULHV zQ zQ2 zQ3 . ArithmeticoGeometric Series,
Exponential and Logarithmic series. 

UNIT 9: Differential Calculus 
Polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions,
Inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, Continuity; differentiation
of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. differentiation of
trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and
implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Applications of derivatives: Rate
of change of quantities, monotonic  increasing and decreasing functions,
Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals, Rolle's
and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorems. 

UNIT 10: Integral Calculus 
Integral as an antiderivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic,
trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution,
by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.
Integral as limit of a sum. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite
integrals; Determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves. 

UNIT 11: Differential Equations 
Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential
equations. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of
variables. Solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations, and those
of the type d2y/dx2 = f(x) 

UNIT 12: Two dimensional Geometry 
Recall of Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance
formula, area of a triangle, condition for the collinearity of three points and
section formula, centroid and incentre of a triangle, locus and its equation,
translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of
a line on the coordinate axes.
The straight line and pair of straight lines
Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two
lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line
Equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines,
coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of
family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines,
homogeneous equation of second degree in x and y, angle between pair of lines
through the origin, combined equation of the bisectors of the angles between a
pair of lines, condition for the general second degree equation to represent a pair
of lines, point of intersection and angle between two lines.
Circles and Family of Circles
Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its
radius and centre, equation of a circle in the parametric form, equation of a circle
when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a
circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to the
circle, length of the tangent, equation of the tangent, equation of a family of
circles through the intersection of two circles, condition for two intersecting
circles to be orthogonal.
Conic Sections
Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in
standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point(s) of
tangency.


UNIT 13: Three Dimensional Geometry 
Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points; Section formula,
direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Skew
lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line
and a plane in different forms; intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines,
equation of a sphere, its centre and radius. Diameter form of the equation of a
sphere. 

Vectors and Scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two
dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and
vector triple product. Application of vectors to plane geometry. 

UNIT 15: Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion 
Calculation of Mean, median and mode of grouped and ungrouped data.
Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and
ungrouped data. 

Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability and
their applications; Conditional probability; Bayes' Theorem, Probability
distribution of a random variate; Binomial and Poisson distributions and their
properties. 

Trigonometrical identities and equations. Inverse trigonometric functions and
their properties. Properties of triangles, including centroid, incentre, circumcentre
and orthocentre, solution of triangles. Heights and Distances 

Introduction, basic concepts and basic laws of mechanics, force, resultant of
forces acting at a point, parallelogram law of forces, resolved parts of a force,
Equilibrium of a particle under three concurrent forces, triangle law of forces and
its converse, Lami's theorem and its converse, Two parallel forces, like and unlike
parallel forces, couple and its moment. 

Speed and velocity, average speed, instantaneous speed, acceleration and
retardation, resultant of two velocities. Motion of a particle along a line, moving
with constant acceleration. Motion under gravity. Laws of motion, Projectile
motion. 

UNIT 1: UNITS AND MEASUREMENT 
AIEEE Notes Mathematics Chapter 05 Chapter wise notes for AIEEE and other entrance examinations such as AIPMT and IITJEE. These Notes are available for FREE downloads under this section. 

UNIT 2: DESCRIPTION OF MOTION IN ONE DIMENSION 
Motion in a straight line, uniform and nonuniform motion, their graphical
representation. Uniformly accelerated motion, and its applications 

UNIT 3: DESCRIPTION OF MOTION IN TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS 
Scalars and vectors, vector addition, a real number, zero vector and its
properties. Resolution of vectors. Scalar and vector products, uniform circular
motion and its applications projectile motion. 

Force and inertia  Newton 's Laws of Motion. Conservation of linear momentum
and its applications, rocket propulsion, friction  laws of friction 

UNIT 5 WORK, ENERGY AND POWER 
Concept of work, energy and power. Energy  kinetic and potential. Conservation
of energy and its applications, Elastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Different forms of energy. 

UNIT 6: ROTATIONAL MOTION AND MOMENT OF INERTIA 
Centre of mass of a twoparticle system. Centre of mass of a rigid body, general
motion of a rigid body, nature of rotational motion, torque, angular momentum,
its conservation and applications. Moment of Inertia, parallel and perpendicular
axes theorem, expression of moment of inertia for ring, disc and sphere. 

Acceleration due to gravity, one and twodimensional motion under gravity.
Universal law of gravitation, variation in the acceleration due to gravity of the
earth. Planetary motion, Kepler's laws, artificial satellite  geostationary
satellite, gravitational potential energy near the surface of earth, gravitational
potential and escape velocity 

UNIT 8: SOLIDS AND FLUIDS 
Interatomic and Intermolecular forces, states of matter.
(A) Solids : Elastic properties, Hook’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus,
modulus of rigidity.
(B) Liquids : Cohesion and adhesion. Surface energy and surface tension. Flow
of fluids, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Viscosity, Stoke’s Law, terminal
velocity.


Periodic motion, simple harmonic motion and its equation of motion, energy in
S.H.M., Oscillations of a spring and simple pendulum. 

speed of a wave, longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves,
progressive and standing waves, free and forced Oscillations, resonance,
vibration of strings and aircolumns, beats, Doppler effect. 

UNIT 11: HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS 
Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases and their specific heats,
Relationship between Cp and Cv for gases, first law of thermodynamics,
thermodynamic processes. Second law of thermodynamics, Carnot cycle,
efficiency of heat engines. 

UNIT 12: TRANSFERENCE OF HEAT 
Modes of transference of heat. Thermal conductivity. Black body radiations,
Kirchoff's Law, Wien's law, Stefan's law of radiation and Newton's law of cooling. 

Electric charge  its unit and conservation, Coulomb's law, dielectric constant,
electric field, lines of force, field due to dipole and its behaviour in a uniform
electric field, electric flux, Gauss's theorem and its applications. Electric potential,
potential due to a point charge. Conductors and insulators, distribution of charge
on conductors. Capacitance, parallel plate capacitor, combination of capacitors,
energy of capacitor. 

UNIT 14: CURRENT ELECTRICITY 
Electric current and its unit, sources of energy, cells primary and secondary,
grouping of cells resistance of different materials, temperature dependence,
specific resistivity, Ohm's law, Kirchoff's law, series and parallel circuits.
Wheatstone Bridge with their applications and potentiometer with their
applications. 

UNIT 15: THERMAL AND CHEMICAL EFFECTS OF CURRENTS 
Heating effects of current, electric power, simple concept of thermoelectricity 
Seeback effect and thermocouple, Chemical effect of current  Faraday's laws of
electrolysis. 

UNIT 16: MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENTS 
Oersted's experiment, BioSavart's law, magnetic field due to straight wire,
circular loop and solenoid, force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field
(Lorentz force), forces and torques on currents in a magnetic field, force between
two current carrying wires, moving coil galvanometer and conversion to ammeter
and voltmeter. 

Bar magnet, magnetic field, lines of force, torque on a bar magnet in a magnetic
field, earth's magnetic field, para, dia and ferro magnetism, magnetic induction,
magnetic susceptibility. 

UNIT 18: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS 
Induced e.m.f., Faraday's Law, Lenz's Law, Self and Mutual Inductance,
alternating currents, impedance and reactance, power In a.c. Circuits with L.C.
And R Series Combination, resonant circuits. Transformer and A.C. generator. 

Reflection and refraction of light at plane and curved surfaces, total internal
reflection, optical fibre; deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Lens
formula, magnification and resolving power; microscope and telescope. 

Wave nature of light; Interference  Young's double slit experiment. Diffraction 
diffraction due to a single slit. Elementary idea of polarization. 

UNIT 21: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Electromagnetic wave spectrum
from gamma to radio waves  propagation of EM waves in atmosphere. 

UNIT 22: ELECTRON AND PHOTONS 
Charge on an electron, e/m for an electron, photoelectric effect and Einstein's
equation of photoelectric effect. 

UNIT 23: ATOMS, MOLECULES AND NUCLEI 
Alpha  particles scattering experiment, Atomic masses, size of the nucleus;
radioactivity; Alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties,
radioactive decay law, half life and mean life of radioactive nuclei, binding
energy, mass energy relationship, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion. 

UNIT 24: SOLIDS AND SEMICONDUCTORS DEVICES 
Energy bands in solids, conductors, insulators and semiconductors, pn junction,
diodes, diode as rectifier, transistor action, transistor as an amplifier. 

UNIT 1: Some Basic concepts 
Measurement in chemistry (Precision, significant figures, S I units, Dimensional
analysis). Laws of chemical combination. Atomic Mass, Molecular Mass, mole
concept, Molar Mass, determination of Molecular formula. Chemical equation,
stoichiometry of Chemical reactions. 

Gaseous state, measurable properties of gases, Boyle’s Law, Charle’s Law and
absolute scale of temperature, Avogadro’s hypothesis, ideal gas equation,
Dalton’s law of partial pressures.
Kinetic molecular theory of gases (the microscopic model of gas), deviation form
ideal behaviour.
The solid state (classification of solids, Xray studies of crystal lattices and unit
cells, packing of constituent particles in crystals). Imperfection in solids,
electrical, magnetic and dielectic properties of solids. Liquid state (Properties of
liquids, Vapour pressure, Surface tension, Viscosity). 

Constituents of the atom (discovery of electron, rutherford model of the atom).
Electronic structure of atoms  nature of light and electromagnetic waves,
atomic spectra, bohr's model of hydrogen, shortcomings of the bohr model
Dual nature of matter and radiation. deBroglie relation. The uncertainty
principle, Quantum Mechanical Model of the atom, Orbitals and Quantum
numbers. Shapes of orbitals. Aufbau principle, Pauli Exclusion Principle, Hund's
Rule, Electronic Configuration of atoms. 

Types of solutions, Units of concentration, Vapourpressure of solutions and
Raoult's law. Colligative properties. Determination of molecular mass. Nonideal
solutions and abnormal molecular masses. Volumetric analysisconcentration
unit. 

UNIT 5: Chemical Energetics and Thermodynamics 
Energy changes during a chemical reaction, Internal energy and Enthalpy,
Internal energy and Enthalpy changes, Origin of Enthalpy change in a reaction,
Hess's Law of constant heat summation, numericals based on these concepts.
Enthalpies of reactions(Enthalpy of neutralization, Enthalpy of combustion,
Enthalpy of fusion and vaporization).
Sources of energy (conservation of energy sources and identification of
alternative sources, pollution associated with consumption of fuels. The sun as
the primary source).
First law of thermodynamics; Relation between Internal energy and Enthalpy,
application of first law of thermodynamics.
Second law of thermodynamics : Entropy, Gibbs energy, Spontaneity of a
chemical reaction, Gibbs energy change and chemical equilibrium, Gibbs energy
available for useful work. 

UNIT 6: Chemical Equilibrium 
Equilibria involving physical changes (solidliquid, liquidgas equilibrium
involving dissolution of solids in liquids, gases in liquids, general characteristics
of equilibrium involving physical processes).
Equilibria involving chemical systems (the law of chemical equilibrium, the
magnitude of the equilibrium constant, numerical problems).
Effect of changing conditions of systems at equilibrium (change of concentration,
change of temperature, effect of catalystLe Chateliar's principle).
Equilibria involving ions  ionization of electrolytes, weak and strong
electrolytes, acidbase equilibrium, various concepts of acids and bases,
ionization of water, pH scale, solubility product, numericals based on these
concepts. 

UNIT 7: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry 
Oxidation and reduction as an electron transfer concept. Redox reactions in
aqueous solutionselectrochemical cells. e.m.f of a galvanic cell. Dependence of
e.m.f on concentration and temperature (NERNST equation and numerical
problems based on it). Electrolysis, Oxidation number (rules for assigning
oxidation number, redox reactions in terms of oxidation number, nomenclature).
Balancing of oxidationreduction equations.
Electrolytic conduction. Molar conductivity, Kohlrausch's Law and its
applications, Voltaic cell, Electrode potential and Electromotive force, Gibb's
energy change and cell potential. Electrode potential and products of
electrolysis, Fuel cells, corrosion and its prevention. 

UNIT 8: Rates of Chemical Reactions and Chemical Kinetics 
Rate of reaction, Instantaneous rate of reaction and order of reaction. Factors
affecting rates of reactions  factors affecting rate of collisions encountered
between the reactant molecules, effect of temperature on the reaction rate,
concept of activation energy, catalyst. Effect of light on rates of reactions.
Elementary reactions as steps to more complex reactions. How fast are chemical
reactions?
Rate law expression. Order of a reaction (with suitable examples). Units of rates
and specific rate constants. Order of reaction and effect of concentration (study
will be confined to first order only). Temperature dependence of rate constant 
Fast reactions (only elementary idea). Mechanism of reaction (only elementary
idea). Photochemical reactions. 

UNIT 9: Surface Chemistry 
Surfaces : Adsorption  Physical and chemical adsorption, adsorption isotherms
Colloids  Preparation and general properties, Emulsions, Micelles
Catalysis : Homogeneous and heterogeneous, structure of catalyst, Enzymes,
Zeolites 

UNIT 10: Chemical Families  Periodic Properties 
Modern periodic law, Types of elements  Representative elements (s & p
block), Transition elements dblock elements, inner transition elements  fblock
elements). Periodic trends in properties  ionization enthalpy, electron
gain enthalpy, atomic radii, valence, periodicity in properties of compounds). 

UNIT 11: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 
Chemical bonds and Lewis structure, shapes of molecules (VSEPR theory).
Quantum theory of the covalent bond, hydrogen and some other simple
molecules, carbon compounds, hybridization, Boron and Beryllium compounds.
Coordinate covalent bond, ionic bond as an extreme case of polar covalent bond,
ionic character of molecules and polar molecules. Bonding in solid state ionic,
molecular and covalent solids, metals. Hydrogen bond,Resonance.
Molecules: Molecular orbital. Theory  bond order and magnetic properties of H2,
O2, N2, F 2 on the basis of MOT. Hybridisation involving s, p and d
orbitals(including shapes of simple organic molecules), Dipole moment and
structure of molecules. 

UNIT 12: Chemistry of Nonmetals  I 
Hydrogen ( unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, properties,
reactions and uses), Hydrides  molecular, soline and interstitial
Oxygen (occurrence, preparation, properties and reactions, uses), simple
oxides; ozone
Water and hydrogen peroxide, structure of water molecule and its aggregates,
physical and chemical properties of water, hard and soft water, water softening,
hydrogen peroxide  preparation, properties, structure and uses.
Nitrogen  Preparation, properties, uses, compounds of Nitrogen  Ammonia,
Oxides of Nitrogen, Nitric Acid  preparation, properties and uses. 

UNIT 13: Chemistry of NonMetals  II 
Boron  occurrence, isolation, physical and chemical properties, borax and boric
acid, uses of boron and its compounds.
Carbon, inorganic compounds of carbon  oxides, halides, carbides, elemental
carbon.
Sulphur  occurrence and extraction, properties and reactions, oxides, Sulphuric
acid  preparation, properties and uses, sodium thiosulphate.
Halogens  occurrence, preparation, properties, hydrogen halides, uses of
halogens.
Noble gases  discovery, occurrence and isolation, physical properties, chemistry
of noble gases and their uses. 

UNIT 14: Chemistry of lighter Metals 
Sodium and Potassium  occurrence and extraction, properties and uses.
Important compounds  NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCI, KOH.
Magnesium and calcium  occurrence and extraction, properties and uses.
Important compounds MgCl2, MgSO4, CaO, Ca(OH)2, CaCO3, CaSO4, plaster of
paris, Bleaching Powder.
Aluminium  occurrence, extraction, properties and uses, compounds  AlCl3,
alums.
Cement.
Biological role of Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium and Calcium. 

Iron  Occurrence and extraction, compounds of iron, oxides, halides, sulphides,
sulphate, alloy and steel.
Copper and silver  occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, compounds
 sulphides, halides and sulphates, photography.
Zinc and Mercury occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, compounds 
oxides, halides; sulphides and sulphates.
Tin and Lead  occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, compounds 
oxides, sulphides, halides. 

UNIT 16: Chemistry of Representative Elements 
Periodic properties  Trends in groups and periods (a) Oxidesnature (b)
Halidesmelting points (c) Carbonates and sulphates  solubility.
The chemistry of s and p block elements, electronic configuration, general
characteristic properties and oxidation states of the following :
Group 1 elements  Alkali metals
Group 2 elements  Alkaline earth metals
Group 13 elements  Boron family
Group 14 elements  Carbon family
Group 15 elements  Nitrogen family
Group 16 elements  Oxygen family
Group 17 elements  Halogen family
Group 18 elements  Noble gases and Hydrogen 

UNIT 17: Transition Metals including Lanthanides 
Electronic configuration : General characteristic properties, oxidation states of
transition metals. First row transition metals and general properties of their
compoundsoxides, halides and sulphides.
General properties of second and third row transition elements (Groupwise
discussion).
Preparation and reactions, properties and uses of Potassium dichromate and
Potassium permanganate.
Inner Transition Elements: General discussion with special reference to oxidation
states and lanthanide contraction. 

UNIT 18: Coordination Chemistry and Organo Metallics 
Coordination compounds, Nomenclature: Isomerism in coordination compounds;
Bonding in coordination compounds, Werner's coordination theory. Applications
of coordination compounds. 

UNIT 19: Nuclear Chemistry 
Nature of radiations from radioactive substances. Nuclear reactions; Radioactive
disintegration series; Artificial transmutation of elements; Nuclear fission
and Nuclear fusion: Isotopes and their applications: Radio carbondating. 

UNIT 20: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds 
Purification (crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction,
chromatography).
Qualitative analysis, detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.
Quantitative analysis  estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens,
sulphur, phosphorus(basic principles only)
Determination of molecular mass  Silver salt method, chloroplatinate salt
method
Calculation of empirical formula and molecular formula.
Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis, modern methods of
structure elucidation. 

UNIT 21: Some Basic Principles 
Classification of Organic Compounds.
Tetravalency of Carbon. Homologous series. Functional groups C = C ,  C C
, and groups containing halogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur. General
introduction to naming organic compounds  Common names and IUPAC
nomenclature of alphatic, aromatic and Cyclic Compounds. Illustration with
examples of Compounds having not more than three same or different functional
groups/atoms. Isomerism  Structural and stereoisomerism (geometrical and
optical). Chirality  Isomerism in Compounds having one and two chiral Centres.
Enantiomers, diastereoisomers, racemic forms, racemisation & resolution.
Covalent bond fission  Homolytic and Heterolytic : free radicals carbocations
and carbanions. Stability of Carbocations and freeradicals. Electrophiles and
Nucleophiles.
Electron displacement in a covalent bond  inductive effect, electromeric effect,
resonance
Common types of organic reactions  Substitution, addition, elimination and
rearrangement reactions. Illustrations with examples. 

Classification. Sources of hydrocarbons:
Alkanes  General methods of preparation (from unsaturated hydrocarbons,
alkylhalides, aldehydes, ketones and carburoxylic acids). Physical properties and
reactions (Substitution, oxidation and miscellaneous). Conformations of
alkanes(ethane, popane butane) and cyclohexane, sawhorse and Newman
projections)  mechanism of halogaration of alkanes.
Alkanes and Alkynes  General methods of preparation physical properties,
Chemical reactions  Mechanism of electrophilic addition reactions in alkenes 
Markowni Koff's Rule, peroxide effect. Acidic character of alkynes.
Polymerisation of alkenes.
Aromatic hydrocarbons  Benzene and its homologues, Isomerism, Chemical
reactions of bonzene. Structure of bonzene, resonance. Directive influence of
substituents.
Petroleum  HydroCarbons from Petroleum, Cracking and reforming, quality of
gasoline  Octane number, gasoline additives. 

UNIT 23: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens 
(Haloalkanes and Haloarenes)
Methods of preparation, physical properties and reactions.
Preparation, properties and uses of Chloroform and Iodoform, 

UNIT 24: Organic compounds containing Oxygen 
General methods of preparation, correlation of physical properties with their
structures, chemical properties and uses of Alchols, polyhydric alcohols, Ethers,
aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, Phenol, Benzaldehyde
and Benzoic acid  their important methods of preparation and reactions. Acidity
of carboxylic acids and phenol effect of substituents on the acidity of carboxylic
acids. 

UNIT 25: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen 
(Cyanides, isocyanides, nitrocompounds and amines)
Nomenclature and classification of amines, cyanides, isocyanides,
nitrocompounds and their methods of preparation; correlation of their physical
properties with structure, chemical reactions and uses  Basicity of amines 

UNIT 26: Synthetic and Natural Polymers 
Classification of Polymers, natural and synthetic polymers (with stress on their
general methods of preparation) and important uses of the following :
Teflon, PVC, Polystyrene, Nylon66, terylene, Bakelite 

UNIT 27: Bio Molecules and Biological Processes 
The Cell and Energy Cycle
Carbohydrates : Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides
Amino acids and Peptides  Structure and classification.
Proteins and Enzymes  Structure of Proteins, Role of enzymes.
Nucleic Acids  DNA and RNA
Biological functions of Nucleic acids  Protein synthesis and replication
Lipids  Structure, membranes and their functions. 

UNIT 28: Chemistry in Action 
Dyes, Chemicals in medicines (antipyretic, analgesic, antibiotics & tranquilisers),
Rocket propellants.
(Structural formulae nonevaluative) 

UNIT 29: Environmental Chemistry 
Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; major atmospheric
pollutants; acid rain, Ozone and its reactions causing ozone layer depletion,
effects of the depletion of ozone layer, industrial air pollution. 











